The inherent problem with blockchain systems is their inability to scale without security or scalability – a concept coined by Ethereum user Vitalik Buterin as the “blockchain trilemma.”
However, the emergence of zero-knowledge (ZK) cryptography promises to change the way blockchains process, encrypt, and share data, providing powerful solutions that address even the most tedious challenges.
ZK technologies, such as zk-proofs (ZKP), verify data without revealing any information beyond what is necessary to prove the authenticity of the data. This makes it a useful feature in encryption protocols and digital IDs where data privacy is important.
In terms of blockchain scaling, however, ZKPs and link rollups can be used to organize outgoing transaction data and create compact proofs to prove their effectiveness, improving efficiency. data and putting limits can end the blockchain trilemma. With its unlimited potential across many projects, in recent months ZK technology has grown from a relative niche to a cornerstone of Web3 infrastructure.
From combating the problem, to improving privacy, to getting one of the most exploitable Web3 attackers through untrusted bridges, ZK technology delivers more than most people appreciate today. But while it lays the technical foundations for the future Web, there is a challenge: these systems must be properly built and maintained, or run the risk of catastrophic security.
Ensuring that ZK-enabled services work as intended requires more than just a basic understanding of technology. Care should be taken to obtain a detailed description of any low-level compatibility with the EVM [Ethereum Virtual Machine] and other details about the operation of relevant system components.
A key part of building a robust ZK-enabled application is using sourced code from sourced smart contract libraries.
By using code from trusted sources, developers can build a solid foundation for their projects without reinventing the wheel. These schools have already been tested and approved by the community, which reduces the chance of errors and weaknesses in the final product.
The next big security measure is proper code review. It cannot be an internal audit done by the manufacturers themselves. Instead, other services should be used to publish a complete and clear report of all issues found in the code. These checks should be performed regularly, especially when changes are made to the codebase, to ensure that updates do not inadvertently introduce errors.
Having this level of thorough investigation and understanding is the foundation of all employee safety. In the future, it is necessary for a system to perform regular monitoring of the network. Even with the best research, issues can only become apparent when the code is implemented and users begin to interact with it (and related processes) over time. Often, one of the first signs of an attack is unusual activity in the channel.
By combining constant monitoring with a process for developers to take immediate action, the response to such an event can happen in minutes, instead of hours or even days. The use of advanced tools can also automate the security emergency response in many important situations (eg, by enabling smart contracts’ to suspend the circuit as a service), eliminating the need for human assistance and avoiding delays.
As more and more financial and data-based services are transitioning to information technology, it is becoming increasingly important to ensure the reliability of these systems. These services prioritize user safety and take comprehensive security measures that will lead the company to gain the trust of a growing percentage of users who are looking for greater company in the management of their money and personal data.